Kalyani Ramnath










This photograph is of people standing on the Talaimannar Pier in northern Sri Lanka, and is taken in the 1970s. At the time, ferries used to transport passengers from Talaimannar to Dhanushkodi on the southeastern Indian coast as part of the railway service that connected India and Sri Lanka, and back again. Today, this service has ceased to operate, a casualty of the keenly watched, deeply fraught, and highly militarized maritime boundary between India and Sri Lanka. The building and policing of borders – and the means to traverse them – operate at the behest of governments that interested in faster, better, and cheaper itineraries to control, move and resettle people.


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